Floor Guide

Floor 3

  1. The Northern Kentucky Industry erupted at one point to enable the region to trade and partner with other states and areas. The winemaking industry of the area is presented in a case showing the necessity and growth of the wine industry until today. Originally tobacco was a cash crop of the region, but when laws and several allegations against cigarette companies caused a decline in the need for production, tobacco farmers began growing grapes and making their own wine to sell. In particular, Nicholas Longworth was known as the father of Ohio wine.
  2. The beer making industry was a large part of the area’s industry growth. As immigrants moved in and the need for tradition items arose, breweries opened to fill the need of immigrant alcohol. Such brands as Bavarian Beer and Wiedemann were brewed packaged and sold right here in the Northern Kentucky. Also liqueurs and whiskey were produced here as a result of prohibition some whiskey was sold as “medicinal” whiskey. 
  3. The raging industry growth becomes an Economic Engine and particular products and services offered by the area were the conductors. For example, brewers, distillers, and vineyards offered huge assets to the growing beverage needs of the area and farther out. As tobacco, dairy, farming, and pork took the agriculture world by storm and pushed it to the next level, the textile mills, iron and steel producers, print and x-ray technicians, and glass makers sculpted and rounded out the economy of the region to make it a very vital commercial area of growth and economy sound for the people. 
  4. Stewart Ironworks was created and became the most enduring local company. Here they produced iron for several items and developed for jails, fences and trucks. Stewart Ironworks was a successful local business with a flare for the people and offered all they could to the community. Also in the case is the X-ray machine produced by the Kelley-Koetz and became known as the “Keleket.” This local business ended up closing and moved to Boston.
  5. The pharmacy, a place to buy medicines for colds, aches and pains were born during prohibition to administer medicinal whiskey, but remain an integral part of the community. Where as the Wadsworth Watch Company created anything from cases, to pillboxes, watches, and ladies compacts. The Wadsworth Watch Company provided everyday items to Northern Kentucky. The last pieces contained in the case are old milk bottles. These milk bottles were made in our area and used by local dairy farms, evens re-used several times before being discarded. 
  6. Proceed along the river and discover “The Point.” Containing a great deal of history, “The Point” is the reason Northern Kentucky was settled. At the meeting of two rivers, “The Point” provides tremendous opportunity for trade, and transportation to various parts of the state and surrounding states. The Ohio River offered a barrier between the North and the South, while the Licking provided a trade and transportation route down in the state.
  7. In terms of war, the Northern Kentucky area had a great deal of opportunity and advantage. Due to the Strategic Advantage, the earliest points were fort Washington in Cincinnati, which was replaced by the Newport barracks, which flooded quite frequently, and therefore Fort Thomas was a place on higher ground that offered a view to formulate action according to the enemies moves. The area was properly equipped and assessed to ensure proper defense of Northern Kentucky.
  8. Due to a strategic advantage of hill top proportions, the Siege that never occurred highlights the preparation for battle and the Confederates withdraw from attacking. The Confederates were alerted by the advantage of the Yankees and withdrew efforts for fear of defeat.
  9. The cases of artifacts along the wall contain bones of animals, particularly of a bullets casing lodged in a horses leg. Also the cases contain swords, bullets, and tools from the war days. These artifacts are real accounts of the brutality of wartimes and the dangers of guns and bullets. 
  10. The freestanding case for the Civil War contains a very old saddle once ridden on by a soldier during the war.
  11. On the wall is a board explaining the Era of Slavery and the efforts of many to free slaves and assist runaways. The stories highlighted here are of heroism and law breaking, as the time did not allow slaves to leave of their own free will. The Van Zandt’s were a family who had freed their slave’s years before the government said you had too. This family continued to help slaves to freedom, but the good will of the family got them excommunicated from church and fined very heavily causing them to sell the farm and amass debt. Other slaves attempted to help including William Casey, a free black, who would ferry slaves across the Ohio to freedom. Also Margaret Garner fled with her husband and children. She was caught however and in an attempt to not make her children return to the terrible slave life, she killed her daughter and attempted her other children’s lives. In her case, the court tried her as property and ordered her to be sent back to her owners, who later sold her to a farm farther south. 
  12. As the river was used for many things, the river timeline highlights the major events and turning points of impact the river still has on life today. Beginning around a million years ago, the rivers raged and created the landscape of the Northern Kentucky region. From 1779-1794, the Indian wars included George Rogers Clark, Simon Kenton, and Daniel Boone planned raids on the Indians to steal the territory from them, and claimed the rivers for themselves and their needs. In 1819 the steamboat era brought in many people and industry boomed allowing for the shipping of goods to and from the other states and area. In the late 18th century, pioneer settlements allowed ferries to and from the states and more settlements along the river. In order to span the Ohio River and continue growth and trade, the John Roebling Bridge was built in 1867. As fate and weather would have it, the Ohio river froze in 1918, causing damage to steamboats, and then the river flooded in 1937, causing the need for a lock and dam system which was completed from 1962-1964, to prevent flooding from happening again.
  13. Harlan Hubbard was a true American Artist. As he spent 34 years in the Northern Kentucky area, Harlan tended to a farm and began painting the scenery. Harlan grew and developed his talents for writing and painting, and married Anna. Each one was talented and played music together. He gave a realistic, simple view of life in the Northern Kentucky region. Harlan was a quiet, independent man, who respected nature and a simple life. He and his wife set sail down the Ohio River and painted along the way to get a true sense of the area. 
  14. The steamboat “Wake Robin” was a proud mode of river travel, and now is prominently displayed as an interactive learning center. Aboard the USS Wake Robin is a discovery of the jobs each person had in navigating the boat and keeping it running. The panel flaps lift to discover the descriptions of the River Pilot, Chief Engineer, and Roustabout. The steamboat also contains artifacts of days gone by, with the depiction of what the Harlan Hubbard cabin looked like in the inside. Also, dress up as a member of the boat crew, and push buttons on the interactive panel to hear the boat whistle or sing.
  15. Full Steam Ahead is the perfect description of the move from flatboats to keelboats and finally the steamboats. The steamboats were a necessary advancement in river transportation as they could easily move up stream, and in 1816 the era made a surge forward for steamboats. For the first part of the 19th century, the steamboats covered Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky, because of the trade and transportation routes from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to Cairo, Illinois. 1819 was a surge for the steamboat as Congress contracted Mail distribution through the steamboats. 
  16. The flatboats were a one-way voyage for a downstream destination. They became the “workhorse” or basic boat, with a box on a flat and steered with oars. The flatboats slid easily over sandbars and snags, and carried raw materials, finished goods, and produce to the down river markets. Most flatboats were rarely returned as many were used for wood to make homes and sale carts and stands. This means of transportation and shipping flourished until the early 19th century.
  17. Ferries: from Shore to Shore describes the life before bridges. This description is the design of the Indians, to the settlers, to the horse ferries, the first form of ferry across the river. Ferries were hindered during floods and droughts, and also during extremely cold and freezing waters. The Anderson Ferry is still operable today between Kentucky and Ohio transporting 100’s of cars a day.
  18. The first people and prehistoric Native Americans exhibit explains the habitats and histories of the Native Americans who came here first and settled the area following the bison and the river home.
  19. The artifacts of the area reveals arrowheads, beamers, axes, bone awls, drill points, shell hoes, and so many more items from several historic periods. The historic periods of the artifacts range from the early, middle, and late woodland, to the fort ancient period, and the early, middle, and late archaic periods.

Floor Four


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